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GNU/Linux Desktop Survival Guide
by Graham Williams
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Installing the Kernel


Installing thee new kernel and module packages is no different to installing similar packages you would obtain from the Debian archives.

If you are installing a new version of a kernel that is already installed you should move the corresponding modules aside, or else you will be asked to do so during the install:

  # cd /lib/modules
  # mv 2.4.16-p3 2.4.16-p3.prev

Now we are ready to install the kernel:

  # cd /usr/src
  # wajig install kernel-image-2.4.16-p3_kayon01_i386.deb

You will be asked whether you wish to run lilo. Usually you would. If this wipes out a precious master boot record (MBR) you can recover it with lilo -u.

Now install the modules (if any):

  # wajig install alsa-modules-2.4.16-p3_0.5.10b-9+p0+kayon01_i386.deb
  # wajig install pcmcia-modules-2.4.16-p3_3.1.8-10+2:kayon01_i386.deb

For Mint (115.40) with support for CD-RW you now need to modify /etc/modutils/cdrw (as suggested in CD Writing HOWTO):

  options ide-cd ignore=hdd
  alias scd0 sr_mode
  pre-install sg          modprobe ide-scsi
  pre-install sr_mod      modprobe ide-scsi
  pre-install ide-scsi    modprobe ide-cd

To get this information into the right place the following should be done:

  # update-modules

Again for Mint (115.40) the following were added to /etc/modules (otherwise the modules must be loaded manually for some reason which can be avoid using char-major stuff but don't understand this yet):

  sr_mod
  sg
  ide-cd

For alsa edit /etc/alsa/alsa-base.conf to set startosslayer=true to be sure snd-pcm-oss is loaded at boot, otherwise it needs to be added to /etc/modules also.

  # reboot

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