GNU/Linux Desktop Survival Guide
by Graham Williams
Kernel Compiles to Support HIGHMEM and SMP
Eventually the standard package kernel-image-2.4.20-1-686-smp was installed, providing both SMP and HIMEM support.
Previous kernel compiles are outlined here.
# wajig install bin86 kernel-package kernel-source-2.4.16 debconf-utils # cd /usr/src # tar jxvf kernel-source-2.2.16.tar.bz2 # cd kernel-source-2.2.16 # cp /boot/config-2.4.16-586 .config # make menuconfig Processor Type and Features CONFIG_MPENTIUMIII=y CONFIG_HIGHMEM4G=y (originally off) CONFIG_SMP=y (already set) # make-kpkg clean # make-kpkg --append-to-version -p3hmsmp --revision dha01 --initrd kernel_image
The aim was to have:
With the new kernels the initrd (initial ram disk) is the
default, so it is worth moving to this. It requires changes to your
/etc/lilo.conf to include initrd lines. For
image=/boot/vmlinuz-2.4.16-p3hmsmp label=2.4.16-p3hmsmp read-only initrd=/boot/initrd.img-2.4.16-p3hmsmp append="noapic"
Note also that with the dual processor card in this machine (ASUS CUV4X-DLS) the noapic option was required, otherwise there is a problem with running out of IRQs and the boot hangs after the following message:
ENABLING IO-APIC IRQs Setting 2 in the phys_id_present_map ...changing IO-APIC physical ID to 2 ... ok. ..TIMER: vector=0x31 pin1=2 pin2=0
An alternative to turning APIC off is to free up the IRQs used by the PCI IDE devices. This is only useful if either the primary or secondary IDE is not being used (for IDE hard disks and IDE CD-ROM). To turn it off the secondary or both IDEs in the BIOS setup, go to AdvancedChip ConfigurationOnboard PCI IDE and set it to either Primary or Disabled.
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