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by Graham Williams
Duck Duck Go


Hostname Change

20201104 Changing the system hostname is not always trivial. Over time it permeates to various files in /etc/. The starting point to changing the hostname is with the hostname command. For example to change the hostname to zafira:

$ sudo hostname zafira

To ensure the changed hostname will survive a reboot edit /etc/hostname to make the same change. This is where the name is obtained at boot time.

Then search through /etc/ for occurrences of the old name, porsche ([*]), and edit as required:

$ sudo grep -r -n porsche /etc

The hostname might be found in /etc/hosts, /etc/mailname, /etc/motd, /etc/postfix/main.cf, etc/ssh/ssh_host_dsa_key.pub, /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key.pub, /etc/ssh/ssh_host_ecdsa_key.pub, and various other apache, ppp, ssh, and exim files, depending on the setup. These can usually be edited by hand to replace the hostname.

While these changes can generally be made without any problem, there are rare occasions where the next reboot might complain. It's useful to be careful, but not concerned!

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