GNU/Linux Desktop Survival Guide
by Graham Williams
Modern Install Log
Install Sarge i386 Netinst dated 9 Nov 2003. The ISO image was downloaded from http://gluck.debian.org/cdimage/testing/sarge_d-i/i386/.
Simply boot from CD-ROM by going into the boot device menu (F12). Choose English (USA)—choosing Australia resulted in bad keyboard. There is no DHCP set up on the local network so set up a static network. Choose sarge as the mirror. Partition the 80GB disk into 10GB ext3 for /, 65GB ext3 for /home, and 5GB for swap. Choose LILO (but should have chosen GRUB). Reboot.
Now configure with GMT, Australia/ACT, using Shadow Passwords. Create Root and User accounts. For apt choose the http US mirrors.kernel.org. For configuring exim choose togaware.com, smarthost mailhost.togaware.com.
Problems included DHCP failing and requiring the user to skip menus over to the set static network choice. The hostname remained localhost and had to be reset later. The clock was really not GMT but I said it was because I want it to be.
Now install wajig, ssh, emacs21, less, and most. Set up visudo for wajig usage by users. Replace LILO with Grub using
# grub-install /dev/hda # update-grub # wajig remove lilo # reboot
Add update-grub to /etc/kernel-img.conf:
postinst_hook = /sbin/update-grub postrm_hook = /sbin/update-grub
Get X Windows working. It had an unknown chipset (82865G) so move to xserver-xfree86 4.3.0-0pre1v4 from experimental. 8 bit worked, but from the BIOS be sure to set the graphic memory to report 16MB (not 1MB) and then 24 bit works!
To get the usb mouse working modprobe usb-uhci (or uhci-hcd in the 2.6 kernels) did the trick! With hotplug installed the appropriate kernel modules will be automatically loaded.
Install x-window-system gnome gdm gdm-themes cinepaint xine-ui. Get DVD stuff working: create /dvd, edit /etc/fstab to reflect, ln /dev/dvd to /dev/cdrom0, add users to group cdrom to access dvd for view. Install ica client, and pppconfig.
With X multiple windows (C-A-F7, C-A-F1) there are problems (not supported). With 2 gdm screens the screen blanks every 10 minutes or so. Need to C-A-F8 C-A-F7 to recover, but quite slow (seems like a 30 second time out). So go back to one gdm and no problem (except 30 second delay on startup and switching terminals)!
Just after a boot, using usbmgr, connecting a USB camera recognises it as /dev/sdb1 (presumably because the printer's card reader is seen as /dev/sda1 initially). After disconnecting, the kernel module is unloaded and when the camera is next connected it becomes /dev/sda1! Using hotplug instead does the right thing (always loading it as /dev/sdb1. A USB flash drive memory stick can be plugged in and is seen as /dev/sdc1 and mounted as /flash.