20190118 Connecting a new disk to a computer may require
the disk to be partitioned and then the partitions of the disks to be
formatted before it can be used. The command cfdisk from
the util-linx package can be used to partition a disk. Use
mkfs.ext4 from e2fsprogs to format the disk:
$ sudo cfdisk /dev/sdb
$ sudo mkfs.ext4 /dev/sdb1
To give a partition a label that is visible to the operating system we
can use e2label
$ sudo e2label /dev/sdc1
$ sudo e2label /dev/sdc1 frederick
The disk can then be mounted into the file system of the computer so
that we can easily access its contents. A quick way to do so is to
simply mount the device onto the temporary mount point:
$ sudo mount /dev/sdb1 /mnt
$ ls /mnt
To mount the disk on boot and into a fixed location we will give the
disk a name, like sabrina, create a mount point for
$ sudo mkdir /media/sabrina
and add an entry into /etc/fstab.
UUID=767f41ad-5b32-310f-aa89-54a24e26687 /media/sabrian ext4 defaults,errors=remount-ro,noatime 0 0
The UUID comes from:
$ sudo -i blkid | grep sdb1
We can manually mount the disk using:
$ sudo mount /media/sabrina
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