Go to TogaWare.com Home Page. GNU/Linux Desktop Survival Guide
by Graham Williams
Duck Duck Go

Ports and Services

To check which port is currently used in your Linux Server you can run the netstat command, root, to also list the ID and name of the process watching that port:

  # netstat -tulpen

You can turn services on and off by the update-inetd command. For example, to turn telnet off:

  # update-inetd --disable telnet

You can also manually turn services off by directly editing /etc/inetd.conf. For example, if you have telnetd installed (not recommended) and wish to turn it off (rather than uninstalling it) then comment out the line in /etc/inetd.conf that starts with telnet and restart inetd:

  # /etc/init.d/inetd restart

7 echo  
9 discard This is like /dev/null but for networks. This port is generally not needed, especially if you are worried about attacks.
13 daytime Prints the current date as a string (e.g., Mon May 23 07:14:21 2001). Not generally not needed. Can be turned off to avoid possible denial of service attacks where an attacker may link it to the echo port using spoofing. Also, the returned format could be used to guess the operating system type.
17 quotd  
20 ftp-data  
21 ftp  
22 ssh  
23 telnet  
25 smtp  
37 time prints the current time as seconds sine the epoch in machine readable form. This can be useful if network clients expect the service for crude time synchronisation (some windows clients can use this service). Otherwise it is not generally needed.
53 domain  
70 gopher  
79 finger  
80 http  
110 pop3  
111 sunrpc  
113 auth The IDENT protocol. It is not useful but most IRC servers require this port to be open and returning information. Apparently some FTP servers and postgresql require this service as well.
119 nntp is the Network News Transport Service if you are running a news server (e.g., inn or cnews). Otherwise it is not needed.
123 ntp  
143 imap2  
161 udp snmp Simple Net Management Protocol
194 tcp irc Internet Relay Chat
194 udp irc  
220 imap3  
389 tcp ldap Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
443 tcp https Secure HTTP
873 tcp rsync Efficient protocol for copying and syncing files.
2049 tcp nfs This port will advertise the export list for NFS.
2049 udp nfs Older versions of nfsd have bugs so make sure your nfs is up to date.
3306 tcp mysql  
6000 X Window System  
6667 udp ircd Internet Relay Chat
8080 tcp webcache WWW caching service
32860 udp nlockmgr Not known to be a security problem but could be turned off.

Support further development by purchasing the PDF version of the book.
Other online resources include the Data Science Desktop Survival Guide.
Books available on Amazon include Data Mining with Rattle and Essentials of Data Science.
Popular open source software includes rattle and wajig.
Hosted by Togaware, a pioneer of free and open source software since 1984.
Copyright © 1995-2020 Togaware Pty Ltd. . Creative Commons ShareAlike V4.