The Standard Linux Directory Structure
Debian can install files almost anywhere within the filesystem, except
for /usr/local. The Debian Policy Manual and the FSB
(Filesystem Base) definition provide guidelines on what goes where.
- /usr/local contains programs and data files that have
been added locally to the system, independently of the particular
GNU/Linux distribution. These are intended to be kept separate from
the main system directories that are managed by the distribution.
- /var contains administrative files (such as system
logs) and data that changes frequently (such as spool directories
and caches like incoming mail and news).
Other file managers for GNU/Linux are also available, including the
KDE offering, Konqueror, and the Midnight Commander which has a long
history and provides both a Gnome interface and a terminal interface
(for those not into GUIs).
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