Go to TogaWare.com Home Page. GNU/Linux Desktop Survival Guide
by Graham Williams
Duck Duck Go


Installation Examples

20200101 Installation examples can provide guidance and confidence. Following are sample installations of GNU/Linux (typically Ubuntu) capturing various aspects of the installation and configuration.

The hardware specifications can be determined from the use of a variety of commands. The command hardinfo provides a comprehensive graphical interface to every aspect of the system. Command line tools can also be used, including dmesg, dmidecode, lspci and lshw, and files like /proc/cpuinfo. Here are some specific examples:

$ dmesg | grep "DMI:" | cut -c6- | cut -d" " -f 3- 		# Machine model

$ lscpu
$ cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep 'name'| uniq				# CPU
$ cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep process| wc -l			# Number of processors
$ wget -qO- https://www.cpubenchmark.net/laptop.html |		# PassMark
  grep i5-8365U | grep '<li' | perl -p -e 's|^.*prdname">||' |  #  Change CPU string here
  perl -pe 's|<.*count">| |' | perl -pe 's|<.*||' 		#  Removes the HTML markup
$ cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep bogomips				# BogoMIPS

$ sudo lshw -C memory | egrep '(size|description)'             	# Memory
$ cat /sys/block/nvme0n1/device/model           		# SSD Disk

$ sudo lshw -C network | egrep '(description|product|logical)' 	# Network
$ lspci -k | grep -EA3 'VGA|3D|Display'         		# Video
$ lspci -k | grep -EA3 -i 'audio'               		# Audio
$ dmesg | grep -i input | grep -i touchpad			# TouchPad
$ uname -r							# Kernel

Installation will usually begin by booting the computer from a bootable USB stick containing an image of the Ubuntu system. The required .iso file can be downloaded from https://ubuntu.com. Once downloaded, create a bootable USB using Make Startup Disk, otherwise known as the usb-creator-gtk. The image size for Ubuntu 19.10, for example, is 2.3GB.

The BogoMIPS measure reports the so-called bogus millions of instructions per second. The passmark metrics come from http://www.cpubenchmark.net.

Support further development by purchasing the PDF version of the book.
Other online resources include the Data Science Desktop Survival Guide.
Books available on Amazon include Data Mining with Rattle and Essentials of Data Science.
Popular open source software includes rattle and wajig.
Hosted by Togaware, a pioneer of free and open source software since 1984.
Copyright © 1995-2020 Togaware Pty Ltd. Creative Commons ShareAlike V4.