GNU/Linux Desktop Survival Guide
by Graham Williams
20200101 Installation examples can provide guidance and confidence. Below are sample installations of GNU/Linux (Ubuntu) capturing various aspects of the installation and configuration.
The specifications are determined from various commands including hardinfo, dmesg, dmidecode, lspci and lshw, and by checking /proc/cpuinfo.
# Computer Information $ dmesg | grep "DMI:" | cut -c6- | cut -d" " -f 3- # Machine model # CPU Information $ lscpu $ cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep 'name'| uniq # CPU $ cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep process| wc -l # Number of processors $ cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep bogomips # BogoMIPS $ sudo dmidecode # Memory $ sudo lshw -C memory # Memory $ cat /sys/block/nvme0n1/device/model # SSD Disk $ dmesg | grep -i input | grep -i touchpad # TouchPad $ uname -r # Kernel
Installation will usually begin by booting the computer from a bootable USB stick containing an image of the Ubuntu system. The required .iso file can be downloaded from https://ubuntu.com. Once downloaded, create a bootable USB using ImageWriter, otherwise known as the usb-creator-gtk. The image size for Ubuntu 19.10, for example, is 2.3GB.